Please note the difference:
HOMOPHONES are words that sound the same but have different meanings. For example,
- wait (the verb) and weight (how heavy something is)
- they’re (they are) and their (belonging to them) and there (adverb of place)
HOMONYMS are a kind of homophone, words that are written and said the same way but have different meanings.
Examples of HOMONYMS are:
- book – something we read and . . .
- book – to schedule something.
- Spring – the season and . . .
- spring – to jump up.
- club – somewhere to dance and . . .
- club – large, heavy object that people get hit with.
- fine – money you owe for bring things back late and . . .
- fine – feeling okay.
- rock – a type of music and . . .
- rock – made of stone.
HOMOGRAPHS are words that are written the same way, but pronounced differently.
Examples of HOMOGRAPHS include:
- to wind a clock but blowing wind.
- rose, the flower and rose, past tense of the verb to rise.
- book – something we read and book – to schedule something
To help you improve spelling skills for each word listed below, I have included the most Homophone common meanings focusing on:
- part of speech (sometimes)
- a very brief definition
- a sentence to test your understanding of the homophone word/s.
Please note that the following scenarios are the most commonly used cases; but as is quite common in our language, there are always exceptions!
- Sight is one of your five senses. As a noun, it is “the ability to see.” It is also someone or something that is seen.
- Site means “a place where something has happened.” It can also be “a place where something is, was, or will be located.”
- Site is also short for website.
- Cite is a verb. It can mean “to write or say the words” of a person, book or another source. It can also mean “to mention something,” usually to support an idea or opinion.
Using the correct use of cite/sight/site, fill in the sentences:
- The sunset last night was a beautiful . . . .
- There are some important battle . . . near Washington, DC.
- When you write research papers in school, for example, you . . . other sources to support your argument.
- Canvas is a type of strong cloth.
- Canvass is to seek people’s votes.
Using the correct use of canvas/canvass, fill in the sentences:
- His . . . -made trainers did not last long.
- The MP has tried to . . . for re-election for a third term.
- Censure is to criticize strongly.
- Censor is to ban parts of a book or film; a person who does this.
Using the correct use of censure/censor, fill in the sentences:
- He was . . . (ed) for his remarks over the incident.
- My book was heavily . . . (ed) before its publication.
- Climactic is forming a climax.
- Climatic is relating to climate.
Using the correct use of climactic/climatic, fill in the sentences:
- The film’s . . . scenes were traumatic for the kids.
- Under certain . . . conditions, desert locusts increase in number.
- Complacent is proud of oneself and self-satisfied.
- Complaisant is willing to please.
Using the correct use of complacent/complaisant, fill in the sentences:
- In all of this praise, however, there is a severe danger that we might become . . . .
- There are too many . . . doctors signing sick notes.
- Council is a group of people who manage or advise.
- Counsel is to seek advice; to advise.
Using the correct use of council/counsel, fill in the sentences:
- The . . . has unanimously endorsed the agreement with the government.
- He had to go for . . . (ing) after the tragic incident.
- Cue is a signal for action.
- Queue is a line of people or vehicles.
Using the correct use of cue/queue, fill in the sentences:
- Pearl hasn’t yet been given the . . .to come on stage.
- We found ourselves in a . . . for petrol.
- Use complement when referring to something that enhances or completes.
- Use compliment as an expression of praise.
Using the correct use of complement/compliment, fill in the sentences:
- The cranberry sauce is a perfect . . . to the turkey dinner.
- I was pleased to have received so many . . . on my new dress.
- Curb is to keep something in check; a control or limit.
- Kerb (in British English) is the stone edge of a pavement.
Using the correct use of curb/kerb, fill in the sentences:
- The parents had to . . . his wayward behaviour.
- She fell of the . . . on her to ASDA market.
- Currant is a dried grape.
- Current is happening now; a flow of water, air, or electricity.
Using the correct use of currant/current, fill in the sentences:
- He .enjoys eating . . . fruits.
- Ted enjoys listening to . . . . news about the economy.
11. cast, caste
- cast – throw, toss or cause (light or shadow) to appear on a surface.
- caste – social class (with some privileges).
Using the correct use of cast/caste, fill in the sentences:
- He . . . the book down onto the floor angrily.
- Those educated at private schools belong to a privileged . . . .
- Capital has several meanings. It can refer to an uppercase letter, money, or a city where a seat of government is located.
- Capitol means the building where lawmakers meet.
Using the correct use of capital/capitol, fill in the sentences:
- Peter visited the cafe in the basement of the . . . after watching a bill become a law.
- Basel visited Brasίlia, the . . . of Brazil.
- Coarse means rough, crude or harsh.
- Course (n.) is a path or route to be taken.
Using the correct use of coarse/course, fill in the sentences:
- His . . . manners were very irritating.
- Now that you’ve lost your job, what is the first . . . of action to be taken?
- Choose means to select.
- Chose is the past tense of choose.
Using the correct use of choose/chose, fill in the sentences:
- I . . . my puppy last week.
- I . . . that puppy in the window.
- Conscience is your inner, moral guide.
- Conscious is being aware of; alive; being alert
Using the correct use of conscience/conscious, fill in the sentences:
- He had a guilty . . . about his desires.
- Tad became . . . . of people talking in the hall.
So, how did you fair?
ANSWERS: #1. a) sight b) site c) cite; #2. a) canvas b) canvass #3. a) censured b) censored #4. a) climactic b) climatic; #5. a) complacent b) complaisant; #6. a) council b) counseling; #7. a) cue b) queue #8. a) complement b) compliments #9. a) curb b)kerb #10. a) currant b) current #11. a) cast b) caste #12. a) capitol b) capital #13. a) coarse b) course #14. a) chose b) choose #15. a) conscience b) conscious
ALWAYS make it a habit to edit your work to avoid committing the above mistakes.